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An induction on Yemen

اذهب الى الأسفل

An induction on Yemen

مُساهمة من طرف مطعم الذيب في 07/11/12, 09:33 am

on Yemen

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

Location: Republic of Yemen lies in the south of the Arabian Peninsula in the south-west of the continent of Asia. Bounded on the north by Saudi Arabia, on the south Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden, Oman on the east, and west of the Red Sea.
Official name: Republic of Yemen.
Sana'a: Yemen's capital and contains the administrative division of the Republic of Yemen (20) governorates in addition to the secretariat of the capital.
Flag: rectangular, was introduced by two-thirds of its length. Consists of three equal rectangles along the dimensions of science, the highest color red, the middle one

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

white, and the third black.
* Red symbolizes the revolution.
* White and symbolizes purity and the principles of the revolution.
* Black: symbolizes the era and the dark and reactionary rule.
National Emblem: The emblem of the Republic of Yemen in the eagle symbolizes the power of the people and the launch in the horizon of freedom, Basita wings on the national flag, and an anchor on the base that read: Republic of Yemen.
Religion and Language: Islam the state religion and Arabic the official language.
Official Currency: Saudi riyal (198.82 average exchange rate Real / USD Chehrmars 2007).
Local Time: +3 hours ahead of GMT all year round.
Electricity: 220 volts / 250 Hz.
Key Yemen International: 967 +

Ports of the Republic of Yemen:
* Air: (Sana'a International Airport - International Airport - Taiz International Airport - Airport Hodeidah International Airport - Mukalla International Airport - Seoun).
* Land: (port instigated - port patches - port Alpin - shipping port - port Srvi - port deposit).
* Sea (port of Aden - Port Almha - Hodeidah Port - The port of Mukalla - port active - Kashan Sayhut Port - Port Dhabba - Bir Ali Port - the port of Balhaf - Ruddum Port - Port of flies - Port Nectarine - Salif port - the port of Ras Isa - Port Alkhobh - Port beard - Port MIDI).
System of government in the Republic of Yemen: Republican and Democrat, the people the owner of power and its source, exercised directly through referendum and general elections, as practiced indirectly through the legislative, executive and judicial authorities or through elected local councils and the political system in Republic of Yemen is based on the political and party pluralism , being the devolution of power and participate peacefully through the general election.
President of the Republic: President of the Republic of Yemen is the head of state, is elected directly by the people in competitive elections with the participation of a number of candidates, are required to win the President to obtain the majority vote of the electorate. And the presidential term of seven years commencing from the date of his constitutional right may not be the post of President of the Republic by one person more than two terms.
[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

Local Authority: a local authority as a form of practice in governance in Yemen and verify this process by the rules and constitutional and legal systems which are based on the principle of administrative and financial decentralization and the expansion of opportunities for participation in the formulation of policies and plans, programs and decision-making and community participation in decisions concerning the conduct of their daily lives and the development of their standard of living as well as the control and supervision of the functioning of the executive bodies in the various provinces and districts and divided the Republic of Yemen administratively within the system of local authority to (21) the province, including the capital and the province of Crime developed during 2004, divided the provinces to: (333) Directorate , is divided by (2200) isolation of revelation, as well as (36 986) and village (91 489) the locality and hot. as the number of local departments (5620) Department of Local (polling station).
Population: The population of the Republic of Yemen, according to the final results of General Census of Population and Housing, and Establishment of the Year 2004 (19.685.161) people. The population is growing at a rate (3.0%) and represents the male population (10.036.953) people at a rate of 50.99% of the total population. It also represents the female population (9.648.208) people at a rate of 49.01% of the total population.

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
• the total fertility rate of 6.2% birth / woman.
• the mortality rate among infants less than one year (74. child / thousand children.
• rate of 37.3 deaths per thousand births.
• Average life expectancy at birth is 62.9 years.
• Average number of persons per family 7.14 and the average number of persons per dwelling 6.9 persons.
Terrain: Yemen is characterized by diversity of aspects of the surface and therefore has been divided into five major geographic regions are:
The coastal plain region: extends intermittently along the coast of Yemen, where mountains and hills cut that link directly to the sea water in more than one place, therefore, the territory of the coastal plain of Yemen includes the plains of the following: (Tihama plain - plain hay - show - easy Mephaath Ahwar - easy coastal east and is located within the province of skilled).
The Coastal Plain region is characterized by hot climate throughout the year with little rainfalls ranging between 50-100 mm per year but it is an important agricultural region, especially Tihama Plain due to the large valleys that penetrate this region and pour the floods resulting from rainfall on the mountain heights.
Mountain Highlands Region: This extends the region of maximum extent of Yemen in the north to the far south have been subjected this region to the movements of tectonic resulted in defeats major and minor, some equivalent of the Red Sea and some of the other parallels the Gulf of Aden and the resulting plateaus Popup confined including ponds mountain called Qiena or fields.
The region is rich with surface valleys that Tkhadddha into blocks with aspects of the steep and a mountainous wall overlooking the plain of Tihama cliffs and steep slopes, are the mountains of this region the highest in the Arabian Peninsula where it exceeds the average height in 2000, and ascend peaks of more than 3500 m, and reach the highest peak in to 3666 m in Mount Prophet Shuaib.
And located the line of the division of water in these mountains where the stoop of water across a number of valleys east and west, south, most important of these valleys: the valley of Moore - Harad - Zabid - Arrows - and Wadi Rcan This is all in the Red Sea The valleys draining into the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea Vohmha: Valley adoption, Wadi, Wadi Hadramaut building.

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
Mountainous Basins Region: This region has mountainous plains and basins in the highlands, mostly located in the eastern section of the line of the division of water extending from the far north to far south, the most important: the bottom of Yarim crossing Dhamar and Sana'a Basin Imran Saada.
Plateau Areas Region: It is located to the east and north of the highlands and parallel to them, but can accommodate more towards the Empty Quarter and begin to decline gradually, and the sliding surface toward the north and east slope of the spectrum, and constitute most of the surface of this region from the surface of a rocky desert pass by some valleys, especially the valley of Hadramawt and Wadi Harib.
Territory of the Sahara: a sandy region almost devoid of vegetation except in parts of streams of rainwater that runs through after descending from mountainous areas adjacent to the region, ranging Height of the surface between 500-1000 m above sea level, and descended without interruption terrainous towards the north-east to the heart of the Empty Quarter.
The climate here is severe with high heat and temperature range, scarce rainfall and low humidity.
Group of Yemeni islands: spread in the territorial waters of Yemen many of the islands and has a topography and climate and environment. Most of these islands are located in the Red Sea including: Kamaran, the largest inhabited island in the Red Sea, the islands of the Hanish archipelago, and the island of Meon has a strategic location in the Strait of Bab el Mandeb, the southern gateway of the Red Sea is the most important islands in the Arabian Sea: the Socotra archipelago. Socotra Island is the largest island in this archipelago, which includes the addition to the island of Socotra Islands tolerant and to study and Abdul-Kori, and the island of Socotra is characterized by abundant bio-diversity of plants with an estimated Socotra on land about 680 species.

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
Climate: Yemen overlooks two seas: the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, but the climate of Yemen did not learn the characteristics of marine often only in raising the degree of atmospheric humidity on the coast, where the impact of these two Bahrain modify the properties of the climate of the republic is very limited limited to the humidity and modify some characteristics of wind While their role in the instability of air is limited. and rain in Yemen in two seasons: the first season during the spring (March-April), and the second season in summer (July-August), a season more rain of spring and vary the amount of rain falling on the Yemen variation spatially extensive and above the amount of loss annually to be in the Southern Highlands of Western as in the areas of Ibb - Taiz, Dali and Yarim ranging amount of rainfall here is between 600-1500 mm per year and less than the amount of rainfall in the coastal plain west as it is in Hodeidah and Mokha Although exposure of the monsoon coming from the south-western Indian Ocean cross the Red Sea as a result of the absence of this factor to raise the wind humid However, the average annual rainfall increases with elevation of 50 mm on the coast to about 1000 mm on the slopes of the mountains to the front of the Red Sea.
The situation is different in southern and eastern shores of the country on the west coast in terms of rainfall, which amounted to about 50 mm per year in Aden and Alfayoush, code and Al Rayyan The reason for this to several factors including: The direction of movement of humid wind moving along the coast without penetrating into the interior; so the impact would be very small and hence the rainfall is not of economic importance recalls.
In terms of temperature, the plains of East and West is characterized by high temperature in summer, where up to 42 m, and goes down to 25 m. The lower the temperature gradually toward higher elevations because of the height factor to reach temperatures of 33 C as a maximum and a minimum of 20 m. In winter the minimum temperatures on the highlands to almost zero, was recorded in winter 1986, a lower temperature in Dhamar to (- 12 m).
The humidity is high in the coastal plains up to more than 80%, while falling toward the inside so as to reach the lowest in the desert areas and the amount of moisture content with 15%.
Economy:
Economic policy: adopted the Republic of Yemen an economic policy based on market mechanisms, and raise the level of the contribution of the private sector in the economy, and to redefine the role of the state in economic activity so that the role of the state role corrective and supervisory role, and work to establish the rules of law and institution-building, and remove the obstacles facing the sector private, and secure economic stability and encourage the private sector to play a leading role in the development process and economic growth, through a set of policies and procedures of financial, monetary and administrative strengthening of the market mechanism and to promote free trade, also worked the state to reconsider the tax legislation, customs and investment, judicial order to improve the climate the overall investment, in addition to including the implementation of the privatization program aims to expand the areas of economic activities and attract capital, national and foreign.
Is seen to Yemen as a country promising ones for economic resources important natural, as there is when many of wealth and good things that have not exploited economically so far, especially in the field of mineral wealth of different (oil, gas and minerals) in addition to fisheries, and the average annual growth rate of the Yemeni economy between (10-18%) at current prices, while the average count up these fixed prices between (2-4%) per annum, the total GDP of Yemen (17) billion in 2005, and the average per capita gross national to approximately (760) dollars in the same year.
• the agricultural sector: The area of arable in the Republic of Yemen to 3% of the total area of the Republic of Yemen, and is a productive sector second only to oil and contributes to a range between (10% -15%) of the value of the gross domestic product (GDP). Agricultural sector is the most economic sectors inclusive for employment since absorbs about 54% of the total labor force and source of income for more than 70% of the population.
. Oil: The oil sector is a basic production sectors, and concentrated exploitation of oil resources in a number of provinces republic, most notably: (Marib - Shabwa - Hadramout) and contribute to this sector by between (30% -40%) of the value of the gross domestic product (GDP). Also contributes more than 70% of the revenues of the state budget and represents more than 90% of the value of Yemeni exports.
• Fish: a fish sector one of the important sectors in the Yemeni economy that Yemen possesses a coastal strip with a length of more than 2000 km extends across the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean as with scattered islands and bays, which created the existence of a favorable environment for fish and marine life of more than 350 species This reinforces the importance of this sector of the promising future as a major source of food and an important resource for development and support of the national economy and a major source of employment.
• Industry: Industry represents one of the main components of the national economy and contribute at a rate ranging between (10-15)% excluding oil industries, and in terms of the contribution of these industries in the GDP comes the food industry in the first rank, and construction industries, including: cement, and tobacco products and mineral with the exception of the oil industry, reflecting the weakness of the productive base and lack of diversity.
. Tourism: We have singled out Lord Almighty Yemen terrain variety of paint for the visitor to the plate and comprehensive views, and map natural comprehensive, combining the plains and high mountains and bottoms and fertile valleys, hills and plateaus, beaches, desert, and the climate of a diverse coastal and desert and mountain, Vaneks this diversity in the land and climate in the cultural diversity included social habits of people and costumes and Morothm popular, as well as diversity in the archaeological inventory for each region resulting from the long history and the history of civilization in the depths of the extended time; which gives the distinctive and Yemen because of its specificity for many countries. And tourism in Yemen of the promising sectors, Yemen is the cradle of civilizations and has elements of a variety of tourist is subject of history, archeology and cultural heritage, and natural ingredients making it a tourist country distinct, and which is illustrated by the diversity of architecture, which it provides a sample great art architecture is unrivaled in the world, and possession of coastline is varied and the other places for recreation and sport diving very good stretches where this beach on Bahrain: Arab and also owns the Red Yemen islands and archipelagos viable natural beauty.
The data available on the tourism sector to the existence of the expansion of tourist facilities, bringing the number of hotels at the end of the year 2005 to (692) hotel star hotels represent, the one-more than 36.27% of the total number of hotels and the average tourist nights to (6) nights, and the average tourist expenditure in night to (130) dollars on average.
. Foreign Trade: varies Yemen's trade exchange with the outside world each year depending on the variables that occur each year on both exports and imports, and generally the average annual value of exports of Yemen (685) billion riyals during the period 2000-2005 oil exports constitute more than 90% of Yemen's total exports, followed by fish and agricultural crops. The average annual value of Yemeni imports during the same period (545.33) billion riyals, and comes imports of food and transportation centers, first in the list of imports of Yemen.
One of the biggest exporters of the Republic of Yemen: UAE Saudi Arabia Kuwait China United States of America. One of the main importing countries of the Republic of Yemen: China, India, Singapore, South Korea. The most important commodities exported are: fish oil crops, but in terms of imported goods, the most important are: food, transportation, chemicals, medicines.
Financial activity and banking: the government adopted the Yemeni fiscal and monetary policies working to curb inflation and reduce public expenditures of the state and the removal of subsidies on basic commodities to provide this support for the general budget and the financing of investment projects have adopted a monetary policy was to unify the exchange rate and floating in order to achieve relative stability of the riyal against other currencies The Central Bank has passed several measures that the
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most important of editing to deal in foreign exchange and the issuance of treasury bills, which is considered one of the main instruments to absorb liquidity and reduce the rate of growth of money supply, inflation, and one of the main ways to finance the deficit in the general budget of the State and shall be the Central Bank of Yemen's conduct of monetary policy to meet the requirements of the national economy and has full independence in the exercise of his functions, control and supervision of the banking system under the law of the Central Bank of Yemen. indicators reflect fiscal and monetary size of t he development witnessed by this sector has increased public revenues of the state of 599 billion riyals in the year 2000 to 1155 billion riyals in the year 2005 a growth rate of 92.82% during that period. As for the expenses of the state has grown from 502 billion riyals in the year 2000 to 1195 billion riyals in the year 2005 a growth rate of (138.05%) represents the current expenditures of more t
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مطعم الذيب

عدد الرسائل : 64
نقاط : 177
تاريخ التسجيل : 25/10/2009

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رد: An induction on Yemen

مُساهمة من طرف محمد سعد في 09/11/12, 10:09 pm

الصور غاية في الروعة تستاهل باقة الورد هذه ..........

[ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

محمد سعد

عدد الرسائل : 33
نقاط : 91
تاريخ التسجيل : 09/10/2009

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